Professor Alastair Grant

Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Conservation (CEEC), University of East Anglia

Recent publications

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If you are interested in undergraduate study in ecology, environmental sciences or related fields, please look at the web pages describing the University of East Anglia's degree programmes in Ecology and Environmental Sciences.

If you are interested in opportunities for postgraduate research in any of these areas, then please email me for a discussion

Life History Evolution and population dynamics


A selection of older publications

General Marine Ecology

Atkinson, P.W., Crooks, S., Dixon, M. Drewitt, M. Grant, A., Rehfisch, M.M., Sharpe, J. and Tyas, C. 2004. Managed Realignment in the UK – the first five years of colonisation by birds. Ibis 146 (S1) 101-110

Gardner, T.A., Côté, I. M., Gill, J.A., Grant, A. and Watkinson, A.R., 2003. Long-term region-wide declines in Caribbean corals. Science 301, 958-960. (published electronically in Science Express, 17th July 2003). See here for more details

Gardner, T.A., Gill, J.A., Grant, A., Watkinson, A.R. and Côté, I. M., 2005. Impacts of hurricanes on Caribbean coral reefs: A meta-analytical approach. Ecology 86, 174-184

Grant, A., 2000, Deep-sea diversity: overlooked messages from shallow water sediments. P.Z.S.N. Marine Ecology 21, 97-112
 (more details of this paper)


Life History Evolution and population dynamics

Benton, T.G. and A. Grant, 1996. How to keep fit in the real world: elasticity analyses and selection pressures on life-histories in a variable environment. American Naturalist 147, 115-139.

Benton, T.G., A. Grant, TH Clutton-Brock. 1995. Does environmental stochasticity matter? Analysis of red deer life-histories on Rum. Evolutionary Ecology 9, 559-574

Benton, T.G. and A. Grant, 1999. Optimal reproductive effort in stochastic, density dependent environments. Evolution, 53, 677-688.

Benton, T.G. and A.Grant, 1999. Elasticity analysis as an important tool in evolutionary and population ecology. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 14, 467-471.

Benton, T.G. and A Grant, 2000. Evolutionary fitness in ecology: comparing measures of fitness in stochastic, density-dependent environments. Evolutionary Ecology Research 2, 769-789

Benton, T.G., T.C. Cameron and A. Grant, 2004. The population response to perturbations: predicting empirical effects with a time series model. Journal of Animal Ecology 73, 983-995

Dulvy, N.K, J R. Ellis, N.B. Goodwin, A. Grant, J D. Reynolds & S Jennings, 2004. Methods of assessing extinction risk in marine fishes. Fish and Fisheries, 5:255-276

Dulvy, N., Jennings, S., Goodwin, NB, Grant, A. and Reynolds, J.D., 2005. A comparison of extinction risk criteria for exploited marine populations. Journal of Applied Ecology 42, 883-891

Enever, R., A. Revill and A. Grant, 2007. Discarding in the English Channel, Western approaches, Celtic and Irish Seas (ICES Subarea VII). Fisheries Research 86 (2-3) 143-152. Full text

Goodwin, N.B., A. Grant, A L. Perry, N K. Dulvy and J D. Reynolds, 2006. Life history correlates of density-dependent recruitment and adult production in marine fishes. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 63: 494-509

Grant, A., 1997. Selection pressures on vital rates in density dependent populations. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 264, 303-306

Grant, A., 1998. Population consequences of chronic toxicity: Incorporating density dependence into the analysis of life table response experiments. Ecological Modelling, 105, 325-335.

Grant, A. and T.G. Benton, 1996. The impact of environmental variation on demographic convergence of Leslie matrix population models: An assessment using Lyapunov characteristic exponents. Theoretical Population Biology 50, 18-30.

Grant, A. and T.G. Benton, 2000. Elasticity analysis for density dependent populations in stochastic environments. Ecology 81 (3) 680-693

Grant, A. and T.G. Benton, 2003. Density dependent populations require density dependent elasticity analysis: An illustration using the LPA model of Tribolium. Journal of Animal Ecology, 72, 94-105. Electronic copy of abstract available here

Hassall, M., A. Helden, A. Goldson and A.. Grant, 2005. Ecotypic and phenotypic plasticity in reproductive traits of Armadillidium vulgare (Isopoda: Oniscidae). Oecologia 143, 51-60.

Scott, F.A.M. and A. Grant, 2004. Visibility of the impact of environmental noise: a response to Ranta and Kaitala. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 271, 1119-1124

Young, E., G.R. Bigg and A. Grant, 1996. A statistical study of environmental influences on bivalve recruitment in the Wash, England. Marine Ecology Progress Series 143, 121-129.

Young, E.F., G.R. Bigg, A. Grant, P. Walker and J. Brown, 1998. A modelling study of environmental influences on bivalve settlement in the Wash, England. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 172, 197-214.

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Ecotoxicology and Marine Pollution

Briggs, A.D., Greenwood, N., and A. Grant, 2002. Can turbidity caused by Corophium volutator (Pallas) activity be used to assess sediment toxicity rapidly? Marine Environmental Research 55 (3): 181-192 .

Ewais, T.A., A. Grant and A.T. Abdel Fattah, 2000. The role of surface coatings on sediments in sediment:water partitioning of trace elements and radionuclides. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 49, 55-64

Fai, P.B., A. Grant and B. Reid, 2007. Chlorophyll a fluorescence as a biomarker for rapid toxicity assessment. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 26 (7), 1520-1531.

Grant, A., 2002. Pollution Tolerant Species and Communities: Intriguing Toys or Invaluable Monitoring Tools? Human and Environmental Risk Assessment 8, 955-970 (Abstract available online)

Grant, A. and A.D. Briggs. 1998. Toxicity of ivermectin to estuarine and marine invertebrates. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 36, 540-541

Grant, A. and A.D. Briggs. 1998. Use of ivermectin in marine fish farms: some concerns. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 36, 566-568

Grant, A. and A.D. Briggs, 2002, Toxicity of sediments from around a North Sea oil platform: Are metals or hydrocarbons responsible for ecological impacts? Marine Environmental Research 53, 95-116

Grant, A. and Ogilvie, L.A., 2003. Terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism data analysis. Applied and Environmental Microbiology69 (10): 6342

Grant, A. and Ogilvie L.A., 2004. Name that microbe: Rapid identification of taxa responsible for individual fragments in fingerprints of microbial community structure. Molecular Ecology Notes, 4, 133-136. See here for more details

Grant, A. and R. Middleton, 1993. Trace metals in sediments from the Humber Estuary: a statistical analysis of spatial uniformity. Netherlands Journal of Aquatic Ecology 27 (2-4): 111-120

Grant, A. and R. Middleton, 1998. Contaminants in sediments: Using robust regression for grain-size normalisation. Estuaries 21 (2), 197-203

Grant, A. and R.N. Millward, 1997. Detecting community responses to pollution. Proceedings of the 30th European Marine Biology Symposium, pp201-209.

Grant, A. and Jickells, T.J., 1994. North Sea and estuarine pollution. pp264-283 In: T. O'Riordan (ed.) Environmental Science in Action.

Grant, A. and R.N. Millward, 1994. The impact of a sudden increase in metal discharges to Restronguet Creek, Cornwall, UK: an estuary already severely contaminated with heavy metals. pp272-274 In: S.P. Varnavas (Ed). Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Environmental Contamination, Delphi, Greece. CEP Consultants, Edinburgh. ISBN 0 905941 53 5

Grant, A. and Ogilvie, L.A., 2003. Letter to Applied and Environmental Microbiology, commenting on: Blackwood, C.B., Marsh, T., Kim, S.H., & Paul, E.A. (2003) Terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism data analysis for quantitative comparison of microbial communities. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 69 (10): 6342-6342

Gui, Y. and A. Grant. 2008. Joint effects of density dependence and toxicant exposure on Drosophila melanogaster populations. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety. 70:236-243 Full text

Ibiam, U. and Grant, A. 2005. RNA/DNA ratios as a sublethal endpoint for large scale toxicity testing with the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 24(5) See here for abstract.

Millward, R.N. and A.Grant, 1995. Assessing the impact of copper on nematode communities from a chronically metal-enriched estuary using pollution induced community tolerance. Marine Pollution Bulletin 30, 701-706

Millward, R.N and A. Grant, 2000. Pollution induced tolerance to copper of nematode communities in the severely contaminated Restronguet Creek and adjacent estuaries. Environmental Toxiciology and Chemistry 19: 454-461

Ogilvie, L.A. and A. Grant, 2008 Linking pollution induced community tolerance (PICT) and microbial community structure in chronically metal polluted estuarine sediments. Marine Environmental Research, 65(2):187-198. doi:10.1016/j.marenvres.2007.10.002

Shipp, E. and A. Grant, 2006. Hydrobia feeding rates; a novel way to assess sediment toxicity. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 25(12): 3246–3252

Whalley, C. and A. Grant, 1993. Phase selectivity of the BCR sequential extraction procedure. pp286-289 in:R.J. Alland and J.O. Nriagu, Proceedings of the Conference on Heavy Metals in the Environment, Toronto, Volume1. CEP Consultants, Edinburgh.

Whalley, C. and A. Grant, 1994. Assessment of the phase selectivity of the BCR sequential extraction procedure for metals in sediment. Analytica Chimica 291 (3) 287-295

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To give you an indication of some of the things I've been involved in previously, here is a selection of some of my older publications

Grant, A., 1983. On the evolution of brood protection in marine benthic invertebrates. Am. Nat. 122, 549-555

Grant, A., 1989. The use of graphical methods to estimate demographic parameters J. mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 69, 367-371

Grant, A., Hateley, J.G. and Jones, N.V., 1989. Mapping the ecological impact of metal contamination on the estuarine polychaete Nereis diversicolor using inherited metal tolerance. Marine Pollution Bulletin 20, 235-236.

Grant, A., P.J. Morgan and P.J.W. Olive, 1987. On the use made in marine ecology of methods of separating age-groups from size-frequency data. Marine Biology 95, 201-208

Grant, A. and P.A. Tyler, 1983. Statistical analyses in studies of invertebrate reproduction. I. Introduction and statistical analysis of gonad indices and maturity indices. Int. J. Invert. Reprod. 6, 259-269.

Grant, A. and P.A. Tyler, 1983. Statistical analyses in studies of invertebrate reproduction. II. The analysis of oocyte size/frequency data, and comparison of different types of data. Int. J. Invert. Reprod. 6, 271-283.

Grant, A. and P. Williamson, 1985. Settlement timing hypothesis: A critique. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser. 23, 193-196.

Hateley, J.G., A. Grant, S.M. Taylor & N.V. Jones, 1992. Morphological and other evidence on the degree of genetic differentiation between populations of Nereis diversicolor. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 72, 365-381.

Tyler, P.A., A. Grant, S.L. Pain and J.D. Gage, 1982. Is annual reproduction in deep sea echinoderms a response to environmental variability? Nature 300, 747-750.

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